According to the U.S. government, Iran`s uranium stockpile will be reduced by 98% over 15 years to 300 kg. Enrichment must also remain at 3.67%. Iran will retain no more than 6,104 of the nearly 20,000 centrifuges it owns. In Iran, there are two uranium enrichment plants: Natanz and Fordo. As part of the Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA) adopted on 14 July, the Natanz facility will be limited to the installation of at least 5,060 of the oldest and least efficient centrifuges in the last 10 years. In Fordo, enrichment will not be permitted for 15 years and the underground facility will be transformed into a nuclear, physics and technology centre. 1.044 On-site centrifuges will produce radioisotopes for use in medicine, agriculture, industry and science.   This 3.67% enrichment alone would be sufficient for peaceful and civil use to propel parts of the country and would therefore not be sufficient to make an atomic bomb.  The agreement was intended to ensure that “Iran`s nuclear program is exclusively peaceful.” In exchange, it lifted the UN Security Council and other sanctions, including trade, technology, finance and energy.
November 13, 2017: The IAEA publishes its fourth quarterly report for 2017 on Iran`s implementation of jcPOA. IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano informed the Agency`s Board of Governors that nuclear weapons obligations were being implemented and that IAEA inspectors had access to all the places they needed to travel. But in May 2019, Iran suspended commitments under the agreement and gave the other signatories 60 days to protect it from U.S. sanctions, or it would resume production of highly enriched uranium. On May 14, 2019, in a meeting with senior officials, Iran`s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei called negotiations with the United States for a new nuclear deal a “poison” and said, “We are not seeking war, nor are we looking for war. They know it is not in their interest.  Senator Benjamin Cardin of Maryland, who is the most prominent member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, is a key player in the congressional review process.  Cardin received a call from Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu, who opposed the agreement, and participated in a 90-minute private meeting during which Energy Minister Moniz backed the agreement.  On July 21, Cardin said that if the agreement is implemented, the United States should increase military assistance to Israel and Gulf-friendly countries.  October 21, 2003: Iran declares its readiness to comply with IAEA requirements by 31 October. In an agreement between Iran and European foreign ministers, Iran says it is ready to suspend its uranium enrichment activities and ratify an additional protocol requiring Iran to make an expanded declaration of its nuclear activities and grant the IAEA wider access rights to sites in the country. Finally, the JCPOA is establishing a supply channel overseen by a joint commission that will allow Iran to retain the materials needed to operate its nuclear facilities, in accordance with the guidelines of international nuclear supply systems such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).  The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) publishes its quarterly report on verification and surveillance in Iran under the 2015 nuclear agreement.